Treatment Options for Diabetes

Managing your glucose levels is the key to leading a healthy life and reducing the risk of complications from diabetes.

The main goal of diabetes management is to control your glucose levels. By taking care of your blood sugar levels, you increase your chances of living a healthy, complication-free life.

Insulin Therapy

If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin because your body does not produce this important hormone. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may one day need to take insulin. There are many ways to take insulin, including the traditional vial and syringe, insulin pens, and insulin pump therapy.

Vial and Syringe

The conventional method of insulin administration requires insulin to be manually injected at least once daily. Traditionally, insulin would be drawn from a vial and injected into the subcutaneous layer of the skin with a disposable syringe.

Insulin Pen

Pen systems consist of a cartridge with insulin placed in a dial-up pen with a disposable needle at the end enabling more precise dosing of insulin.

Insulin Pumps

Insulin pumps are small, portable devices that deliver insulin continuously. The insulin pump can be worn in many locations, including on a belt or in a pouch inside clothing. The pump delivers insulin through a small tube placed under the skin. Adult studies1 show that insulin pump therapy can achieve better glucose control than conventional multiple daily insulin injection regimens for people with type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

The first step in treating Type 2 diabetes is to establish a healthy diet and exercise regime. If this is insufficient to manage the condition, oral medication or insulin may be prescribed.

Continuous Glucose Monitors

Continuous glucose monitors are small, portable devices that measure glucose levels and provide real-time glucose trend information. This information may assist in improving diabetes management and in lowering the risk of diabetes complications.


  1. Pickup JC, Sutton AJ. Severe hypoglycaemia and glycaemic control in Type 1 diabetes: meta-analysis of multiple daily insulin injections compared with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (review). Diabetic Medicine. 2008;25:765.

Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.

Last updated: 27 Sep 2010

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