Treatment Options for Hydrocephalus

The standard treatment for hydrocephalus is to implant a shunt. The shunt drains and redirects excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain’s ventricles to another part of the body.


The current standard treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical implantation of a shunt. A shunt redirects cerebrospinal fluid to another part of the body. This technique lets the brain’s enlarged ventricles return to a more normal size in an effort to relieve the symptoms of hydrocephalus.

Shunts are made from silicone and plastic. All components of the shunt are placed under the skin. There are no parts on the outside of the body.

Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy

An endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a surgical procedure that focuses on relieving the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the brain’s third ventricle. The procedure is done via an "intracranial cerebrospinal fluid diversion." A tiny perforation is made in the wall of the third ventricle using endoscopes, allowing excess cerebrospinal fluid to drain into one of the body’s normal cerebrospinal fluid spaces.

This therapy is not for everyone. Please contact your doctor to discuss whether this treatment is suitable for your condition.

Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.

Last updated: 27 Sep 2010

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