The exact cause of scoliosis is still unknown. There has been substantial research into the potential causes of scoliosis, including genetic factors, tissue growth abnormalities, vertebral disorders, and central nervous system problems.
Generally, the goals of scoliosis surgery are to straighten the spine to some degree, to provide a balanced spine, and to achieve a fusion over that area to stop further curvature.
The incision is just as long as the number of vertebrae that will be fused. Discuss this specifically with the surgeon. The appearance of the scar after scoliosis surgery is very dependent upon a multitude of factors, including how your body heals.
Often, the rib prominence is the most cosmetically undesirable part of a scoliotic deformity. The rib prominence may be corrected as part of the scoliosis operation. It could also require a procedure called thoracoplasty, where a segment of the rib is removed.
Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.